What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease occurs when the health of the gums and surrounding bone structure is compromised and deteriorated. Bacteria is the reason for this breakdown in oral health. This bacteria is found in the plaque that builds up on teeth and gums when oral hygiene is neglected. If left untreated, the gums will begin to separate from the teeth and leave pockets in the gums. This allows infection to begin to set in and affect the underlying bone structure. Ultimately, teeth can be lost to periodontal disease.
How Do I Know If I Have Gum Disease?
During your regular exams at TOOTHDOCS, our team will look for any evidence of periodontal disease developing in your gums. The earlier we can catch it, the better treatment options we will have.
Here are a few signs that periodontal disease may be developing in your mouth:
- Loose permanent teeth
- Space between your teeth and gums
- The release of any puss from between your teeth and gums
- Any shifting of teeth
- Gums that are bleeding, tender or swollen
- Chronic bad breath
There are some habits and circumstances that may increase the possibility that you will develop periodontal disease. These situations include stress, the use of tobacco, puberty, poor nutrition and diabetes. The habit of clenching or grinding your teeth may also increase the possibility of you getting gum disease.
You don’t have to lose teeth just because you get gum disease. There are treatments available, and the sooner the disease is spotted and confronted the more effective the treatment will be. That being said, good oral hygiene is the most effective way to prevent gum disease. In addition, regular cleanings at our office will help remove any plaque that you may have missed in your daily oral hygiene.
A cleaning at the dentist’s office is the first step in treating the development of gum disease. Sometimes a deep cleaning may be required. Periodontal debridement uses water and high-frequency waves to remove plaque and tartar. If plaque and tartar build up below the gum line, a procedure known as root planing and scaling may be employed. If periodontal disease is left untreated for an extended period of time, surgery may have to be performed. In this case, you may be referred to a gum specialist (periodontist).
We encourage you to call today and set up an appointment if you suspect you may be dealing with gum disease. The earlier it can be treated, the easier the treatment will be. If you live in the New York, NY area, stop gum disease in its tracks by giving us a call today!